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Amenophis III, Pharaoh of Egypt (1386-1349 BC), of the 18th Dynasty, responsible for great architectural works, including part of the temple of Luxor and the colossus of Mémnón. His reign was one of peace and prosperity.
Akhenaten or Amunhotep IV, Egyptian Pharaoh (1350-1334 BC), also called Neferkheperure, Aknaton or Amenhotep IV. Akhenaten was the son of Amunhotep III and Empress Tiy and husband of Nefertiti, whose beauty is known through sculptures of the time. Akhenaten was the last ruler of the eighteenth dynasty of the New Empire and distinguished himself by identifying with Aton, or Aten, the solar god, accepting him as the sole creator of the universe.
Some scholars consider him the first monotheist. After instituting the new religion, he changed his name from Amunhotep IV to Akhenaton, which means "Aton is pleased." He moved the capital of Thebes to Akhenaten, in the current Tell al-Amama location, dedicating it to Aton, and ordered the destruction of all remnants of the polytheistic religion of his ancestors. This religious revolution led to changes in the work of Egyptian artists and also in the development of new religious literature. However, these changes did not continue after Akhenaton's death. His son-in-law Tutankhamen restored the ancient polytheistic religion and Egyptian art was once again sacralized.
Tutankamon - the boy Pharaoh (1346-1327 BC) reigned from 1336 to 1327 BC of the 18th Dynasty, son-in-law of Akhenaton, to whom he succeeded. He became Pharaoh at the age of nine, probably killed. During his reign, he restored the worship of Ammon, which contributed to peace in Egypt. The pyramid of this pharaoh was found by archaeologists in 1922. Inside it were found, besides the sarcophagus and mummy, impressive treasures.
CheopsEgyptian Pharaoh (2638-2613 BC); the second king of the IV dynasty. The most important achievement of his reign was the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza near Cairo.
Ramses II (reigned in 1301-1235 BC), Egyptian Pharaoh, third ruler of the 19th Dynasty, son of Seti I. His main enemies were the Hittites; with them he signed a treaty according to which the disputed lands were divided. During its reign the temple of Abu Simbel was constructed and the great hypostyle vestibule of the temple of Amón of Karnak was concluded.