We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
American military leader (1732-1799). He defeated the English in the war of independence and was president of the United States.
One of the greatest military leaders in history, George Washington was responsible for the defeat of the British and was the first president of the newly formed nation of the United States. Born February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, he was a land surveyor by profession and landowner by inheritance. he married in 1759 to Martha Dandridge Custis (1732-1802). While serving as an officer in the Virginia Militia during the early years of the Franco-Indian War (1754-1763), he began to develop a certain animosity towards British officers and their troops, who always treated American-born citizens as a subjugated enemy. .
Elected to the Virginia Assembly in 1758, Washington soon realized the growing discontent most Americans had about living in a British colony. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, imposing on the settlers a fee to pay a British military force that would occupy the colonies and strengthen the British rulers. In 1774, after the British Governor of Virginia dissolved the Assembly, Washington was among those who realized that an armed conflict with England had become inevitable. It was declared the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), which broke out in all colonies. Washington stood out as commander of Virginia's militia units, and in 1775 the newly formed Continental Congress made him commander of the US Army. On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of American Independence was signed. Washington managed to force the British to leave Boston, but was unsuccessful in dominating New York City.
On December 24, 1776, he launched a brilliant and bold attack across the Delaware River, crushing the British defenses at Trenton and Princeton. The achievement raised the morale of American troops. But the final victory came only when Washington definitively defeated General Lord Cornwallis (1738-1805) in Yorktown on October 19, 1781. Although a peace treaty was not signed until 1783, the British had been dominated, and a new born. nation.
After the war, Washington returned to his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia, but in 1787, he presided over the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. In 1789, under the provisions of the United States Constitution, he was elected by the Electoral College as the first president of the United States. Reelected in 1793, Washington created a powerful centralized government, but managed with the consent of representatives of each state. One of the most respected statesmen in US history, he refused a third presidential term and retired in 1797. George Washington died on December 14, 1799.