Geography

Hydroelectric power plants in Brazil

Hydroelectric power plants in Brazil


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Hydroelectric dams in Brazil correspond to 90% of the electricity produced in the country.

The installation of dams for the construction of power plants began in Brazil from the late nineteenth century, but it was after the Second World War (1939-1945) that the adoption of hydroelectric dams became relevant in Brazilian energy production.

Although Brazil represents the third largest hydraulic potential in the world (behind only Russia and China), the country imports part of its hydropower. This is because the largest hydroelectric dam in the Americas and the second largest in the world, the Itaipu Dam, is not entirely Brazilian.

Because it is located on the Brazilian border with Paraguay, 50% of the plant's production belongs to the neighboring country, which, unable to consume this amount, sells the surplus to Brazil. Brazil also consumes energy produced by the Argentine Garabi and Yaceritá hydroelectric dams.

Electricity production in Brazil is carried out through two major integrated structural systems: the South-Southeast-Midwest system and the North-Northeast system, which account, respectively, for 70% and 25% of hydroelectric power production in Brazil. Brazil.

Major hydroelectric plants in Brazil

Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Paraná | Rio: Paraná | Capacity: 14,000 MW

Belo Monte Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Para | Rio: Xingú | Capacity: 11,233 MW

São Luíz do Tapajós Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Para | Rio: Tapajós | Capacity: 8,381 MW

Tucuruí Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Para | Rio: Tocantins | Capacity: 8,370 MW

Santo Antônio Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Rondônia | Rio: Madeira | Capacity: 3,300 MW

Ilha Solteira Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Sao Paulo | Rio: Paraná | Capacity: 3,444 MW

Jirau Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Rondônia | Rio: Madeira | Capacity: 3,300 MW

Xingó Hydroelectric Power Plant

States: Alagoas and Sergipe | Rio: San Francisco | Capacity: 3,162 MW

Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Bahia | Rio: San Francisco | Capacity: 2,462 MW

Jatobá Hydroelectric Power Plant

State: Para | Rio: Tapajós | Capacity: 2,338 MW



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