Geography

Midwest Region of Brazil (continued)

Midwest Region of Brazil (continued)


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Climate

The climate in the Midwest is semi-tropical tropical, with the presence of two well-defined seasons: a humid summer, with rainfall between March and October, and a dry climate during winter, between April and September. , temperatures range around 25 ° and 19 ° degrees.

In Brasilia and surrounding cities, the dry climate drops air humidity to 12% in August. In the higher regions of the Central Plateau predominates the tropical climate of altitude, where in the colder months can occur precipitation of frost.

Vegetation

The vegetation is cerrado in the plateaus and complex in the Pantanal. The cerrado vegetation is made up of winding trees, among which grasses suitable for grazing cattle are born.


Cerrado vegetation

The cerrado has typical species such as the ipê, pau serra, the trash and pequi, whose fruit is widely consumed in the region.


Pequi - Tree characteristic of the Midwest Region

The constant exploitation of vegetation formations, mainly for charcoal production, used in the industries of the region and part of the southeast, devastated much of the cerrado. The Midwest Region still maintains a large area of ​​Amazonian forest in the north of Mato Grosso.

The Mato-Grossense Pantanal National Park, created in 1981, has 95% of its 1,350 km² in floodplains. Located in the so-called Pantanal Complex, the park houses landscapes of fields and forests.


Mato Grosso Pantanal National Park

Other parks in the region: Chapada dos Guimarães in Mato Grosso, Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas in Goiás, and Serra da Bodoquena in Mato Grosso do Sul.


Bodoquena Mountain Range (Mato Grosso do Sul)